Kwentong barbero: Once upon a time, a disgruntled barber from Tondo (RIGHT) attempted to take President Manuel Roxas’ life.
We’re actually not kidding: On March 10, 1947, as President Manuel Roxas was delivering a speech in Plaza Miranda about the parity rights amendment to the 1935 Constitution, a man lobbed a grenade on the stage, prompting General Mariano Castañeda to kick it away and cover President Roxas with his body. The grenade landed near the audience, killing two and wounding a dozen people. The man, later identified as Julio Guillen, was a barber by occupation.
Above photo from the November 8, 1989 issue of the Manila Standard.
March is Women’s role in History Month; it is also National Women’s Heart Health Month; its first week is Women’s Week; and its 8th day is International Women’s Day.
The following is an updated infographic of the one we published on April 30, 2013, to celebrate the 76th anniversary of women’s suffrage in the Philippines: http://www.gov.ph/2014/03/08/women-in-government-womens-month-2014/
So ladies, take a breather, blast some Beyoncé, because after all: Who run da world?
It was from Nara that President Laurel dissolved the Second Republic of the Philippines on August 17, 1945. This came after the August 15 broadcast of Emperor Showa (Hirohito), which announced Japan’s acceptance of the terms of the Potsdam Declaration.
IN PHOTO: President Jose P. Laurel and his son Salvador “Doy” H. Laurel in Nara, Japan.
Today, March 9, marks the 123rd birth anniversary of Jose P. Laurel, the third President of the Philippines, and the only President of the Second Republic.
If you’ve seen our previous post, Laurel’s hobbies not only include gardening, but also the violin:
"It may be of interest to add that Laurel’s favorite indoor pastime is to fiddle. He frequently plays the violin in the presence of friends. And they say that he plays well indeed for an amateur." - From PRESIDENTS AT PLAY, a July 9, 1949 article by Filemon V. Tutay, published by the Philippines Free Press
Learn more about President Laurel and the Second Republic
(Photos courtesy of the National Library of the Philippines)
More interesting internet finds: Click on the picture to be redirected to a video of President Jose P. Laurel doing some gardening!
Featuring National Assembly Chairman Aquino meeting with Ambassador Shozo Murata, Naval Commander Denshichi Okawachi having a war council, and Army General Tomoyuka Yamashita visiting the battlefront.
We do not own the rights to this video.
Before the day ends, learn more about the Laurel presidency and the Second Republic.
God bless the internet, the PML team has uncovered this clip of Jose P. Laurel delivering a speech in public as the Preparatory Commission for Independence Chairman! Click through the photo to get redirected to the video!
What’s interesting about it? Well, for one, we get to hear the voice of Laurel himself. Thanks internet!
We do not own the rights to this video.
DID YOU KNOW: According to Doy Laurel, son of Jose P. Laurel, the president sustained several – almost fatal – injuries during the failed Wack-Wack assassination. Doy recounts the thrilling details:
… one bullet, caliber .45 [which] had missed his heart by a fraction of an inch. Another bullet just missed the liver. One bullet hit his clavicle and broke it and another bullet hit him in the groin, just under the balls.
The Japanese premier even sent a bonsai tree to console the recovering president.
- Source: Ocampo, Ambeth. Bonifacio’s Bolo. Metro Manila: Anvil Publishing Inc., 1995
Jose P. Laurel is the third President of the Philippines, and the only President of the Second Republic. President Laurel was born in Tanauan, Batangas, on March 9, 1891; he died in his hometown on November 6, 1959. Prior to assuming the presidency, Laurel served as Secretary of the Interior in 1923; senator of the 5th Senatorial District (Batangas, Mindoro, Tayabas, Cavite, and Marinduque) from 1925 to 1931; delegate to the 1934 Constitutional Convention; associate justice of the Supreme Court from 1936 to 1941; commissioner of justice from 1942 to 1943; and president of the 1943 Preparatory Committee on Philippine Independence. President Jose P. Laurel is also the founder of the Lyceum of the Philippines. View his full profile.
Historian Dr. Ricardo T. Jose writes of Laurel’s presidency: “The Second Philippine Republic was born under great duress—during the Japanese occupation—and faced virtually insurmountable obstacles. Despite the odds, Dr. Jose P. Laurel as President of this republic, did all he could and more to meet the problems of the time and to try to transcend them.”
The Presidential Museum and Library has prepared a special feature in commemoration of President Laurel’s birth anniversary which details his presidency of a Philippines in wartime, and also includes material on the Second Philippine Republic.
Keep following tumblr for more updates throughout the day! We will be rolling out several features on Laurel and a whole lot of history this fine Sunday morning.
TODAY IN HISTORY (or should we say HERstory): On March 6, 1921, General Emilio Aguinaldo’s first wife, Hilaria del Rosario, the mother of his five children, died.
During the term of President Aguinaldo, Hilaria organized the Hijas de la Revolucion (Daughters of the Revolution), which later became the Asociacion Nacional de la Cruz Roja (National Association of the Red Cross). This organization raised funds for medicine and other supplies, and helped attend to the sick soldiers during the revolution.
At that time, the term First Lady was not used which makes her the unofficial First Lady of the Philippines.
(Photo courtesy of the National Library of the Philippines)
By virtue of Proclamation 227, s. 1988, every March is declared as “Women’s Role in History Month.” Take a little time and learn about the ladies who didn’t wait around for things to happen!
This one goes out to all Filipinas. President Manuel L. Quezon (CENTER) signs the Women’s Suffrage Bill following the 1937 plebiscite, as his wife Aurora Aragon Quezon (LEFT) looks on. Also witnessing this historic moment were Speaker Jose Yulo, Executive Secretary Jorge B. Vargas and Vice President Sergio Osmeña.
Leaders of the feminist movement such as Pura Villanueva Kalaw, Judge Natividad Almeda Lopez, Josefa Jara Martinez, and Asuncion Perez were also present.
- Women in government: a PCDSPO tribute to the women who have served in public office over the years
DID YOU KNOW: By virtue of Proclamation 227, s. 1988, every March is declared as “Women’s Role in History Month.” So for all the ladies on tumblr: Celebrate! This is your month. Make a little time to learn a bit about the women of our history and how women have shaped our history.
Kanina ni Rolando S. Tinio
Sa almusal kanina, namagitan sa atin
Ang dalawang basong tsaa at kubong asukal,
Ang dalawang bilog ng matamis na tinapay,
Ang pagbanghay sa pandiwang inuunlapian,
Mga tanong-sagutan, walang kabagay-bagay,
Pakulang-tingin, palihim na pakiramdaman,
At wari’y pagkabigat-bigat na pananamlay
Dala ng kagabing pagkakahimbing na kulang.
Nagsimulang bumalong sa aking kalooban,
Halos dalamhating walang ngalan, walang saysay,
Parang sinat o panlalatang palatandaan
Ng totoong karamdamang saka pa dadalaw.
At nabatid kong muli ang lubhang pag-iisa,
Ang makubkob sa sariling alaala lamang,
Sa mga iniisip na walang matutunguhan.
Sa ilang sandali, namamahay pala kita
Sa katahimikang walang bintana, pintuan.
Today is the birth anniversary of National Artist Rolando Tinio. A playwright, thespian, poet, teacher, critic, and translator, Tinio marked his career with prolific artistic productions.
TODAY IN HISTORY: On March 4, 1899, a month after the Battle of Manila, the first Philippine Commission, under Dr. Jacob G. Schurman, arrived in Manila.
The five-man team appointed by U.S. President William McKinley was composed of Elwell S. Otis, Charles H. Denby, George Dewey, Dean C. Worcester, and Jacob G. Schurman. It was tasked to investigate conditions in the Philippines and make recommendations to the American government.
Now that we know what President Laurel liked to do on what spare time he had as President, why not turn our eye toward other Presidents?
Here’s President Elpidio Quirino about to launch himself into the swimming pool in Bahay Pangarap. Yes, Tumblr: We basically just needed an excuse to show off President Quirino in his ultra-hip bathing suit. You’re welcome!
When in Manila, the President loves to go swimming in the elaborate swimming pool of Malacañan Park at least once a week. And when he does go swimming, one of the palace physicians is also in the pool. Sometimes, the President also invites friends to go swimming with him. - From “Presidents at Play" by Filemon V. Tutay, Philippines Free Press.
Happy weekend, everybody!
Today is (sort of) the death anniversary of Elpidio Quirino, the sixth President of the Philippines, and the second President of the Third Republic.
Well, strictly speaking, Quirino died of a heart attack during the leap year of 1956. Till the next leap year (in 2016), we commemorate his death anniversary every February 28.